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Friday, October 1, 2021

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 Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in a Hindu family in Porbandar, Gujarat.  He was named Mohandas by father Karamchand Gandhi and mother Putlibai, from which his full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.  Mahatma Gandhi's mother was a very religious woman, so she was raised in a family following Vaishnavism and Jainism also had a strong influence on her.  This was the reason that he introduced its main principles like non-violence, self-purification and vegetarianism in his life.


 Mohandas remained a mediocre student from the point of view of education, but he also received awards and scholarships from time to time.  He was very promising in English subject, but his performance in subjects like Geography was not very good.  At the same time, he was a middle class student in maths and in the matter of handwriting also he did not get good comments.

 Although Gandhiji used to serve his parents, help his mother in household chores, obey orders, go for walks, but you will be surprised to know that Mahatma Gandhi had done a lot in the rebellious time of his life.  Also adopted covert atheism, smoking and consuming non-vegetarian food.  But after that he determined never to repeat all these things in life and never repeated it again.  Gandhiji took Prahlad and Raja Harishchandra as ideals.

 Mahatma Gandhi was married only at the age of 13.  When he was still in school, he was married to Kasturba Makhanji, the daughter of a merchant from Porbandar, and at the age of 15, Gandhi became the father of a son. But that son could not survive.  In this way, Gandhiji had four sons Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas.  After marriage and the end of school life, after studying for a few days in a college in Mumbai, he went to London and his further education was initiated in London.  After 3 years of education, he became a barrister.

 After this the real journey of his life started which continued from non-violence movement to his becoming the father of the nation, and continued till his life.


 Gandhi returned to India in 1914.  The countrymen gave him a grand welcome and started calling him Mahatma.  He spent the next four years studying the Indian situation and preparing people who could support him in removing the social and political evils prevalent in India through Satyagraha.


 In February 1919, he opposed the British on the Rowlatt Act law made by the British, under which there was a provision to send any person to jail without trial.  Then Gandhiji announced the Satyagraha movement.  This resulted in a political earthquake that shook the entire subcontinent in the spring of 1919.



આજે ગાંધી જયંતિની  શુભકામના પાઠવવા તમારા નામ વાળુ કાર્ડ બનાવવા સૌથી સરળ અને બેસ્ટ એપ

 Inspired by this success, Mahatma Gandhi continued his opposition to satyagraha and non-violence in other campaigns for Indian independence, such as the 'Non-Cooperation Movement', the 'Civil Disobedience Movement', the 'Dandi Yatra' and the 'Quit India Movement'.  Due to all these efforts of Gandhiji, India got independence on 15 August 1947.  Mahatma Gandhi, rich in such a great personality, was shot dead by Nathuram Godse at Birla Bhawan in New Delhi on January 30, 1948.


 Even before Mahatma Gandhi, people knew about peace and non-violence, but the way he forced the British to leave India while following the paths of Satyagraha, peace and non-violence, no other example of this is seen in world history.  His journey from non-violence movement to his becoming the father of the nation, and continued throughout his life….

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