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Sunday, July 25, 2021

Home Learning -Online Education by DD Girnar and YOU-TUBE,dated-26/07/2021


Home Learning -Online Education by DD Girnar and YOU-TUBE,dated-26/07/2021

સમગ્ર શિક્ષા શિક્ષણ વિભાગ દ્વારા આયોજિત ધોરણ: 3 થી 12 ના હોમ લર્નિંગ ના વિડીઓ  યુટ્યુબ ના માધ્યમથી..

તારીખ: 26/07/2021



ધોરણ:- ૩ થી ૫ 

ધોરણ: 3 તા:-26-07-2021 નો વિડીઓ જોવા માટે અહી ક્લિક કરો

ધોરણ: 4 તા:-26-07-2021 નો વિડીઓ જોવા માટે અહી ક્લિક કરો

ધોરણ: 5 તા:-26-07-2021 નો વિડીઓ જોવા માટે અહી ક્લિક કરો


ધોરણ:- ૬ થી ૮ 

ધોરણ: 6 તા:-26-07-2021 નો વિડીઓ જોવા માટે અહી ક્લિક કરો

ધોરણ: 7 તા:-26-07-2021 નો વિડીઓ જોવા માટે અહી ક્લિક કરો

ધોરણ: 8 તા:-26-07-2021 નો વિડીઓ જોવા માટે અહી ક્લિક કરો


ધોરણ:- ૯ અને  ૧૦ 

ધોરણ: 10  તા:-26-07-2021 નો વિડીઓ જોવા માટે અહી ક્લિક કરો


ધોરણ:- ૧૧ અને  ૧૨ 

ધોરણ: 12  તા:-26-07-2021 નો વિડીઓ જોવા માટે અહી ક્લિક કરો


 In the ancient education system of India, we find mention of both informal and formal educational centers.  Formal education was imparted through temples, ashrams and gurukuls.  These were also the centers of higher education.  Whereas informal education was received through family, priests, pandits, sanyasis and festival events etc.  It is mentioned in various Dharmasutras that the mother is the best teacher of the child.  Some scholars have accepted the father as the teacher of the child.  As social development took place, so did educational institutions.  In the Vedic period, sanghas such as parishad, shakha and charan were established, but systematic educational institutions were started by Buddhists at the public level.[1]


 Gurukulas were often established in forests, groves and villages or towns.  There were very few Gurukuls in the forests.  Most of the philosopher Acharyas preferred to live, study and contemplate in the uninhabited forests.  


The ashrams of sages Valmiki, Sandipani, Kanva etc. were located in the forests and along with philosophy, grammar, astrology and civics were also taught here.  Most of the Gurukuls were built in some Vaag or Vatila near villages or towns.  So that they can get solitude and pure environment.


  This had two benefits;  One, the household masters had the facility to collect the material, the other brahmacharis did not have to wander much in alms.  According to Manu, 'Brahmacharas should not beg for alms in the family of the guru, from among their caste and family members, if there is no second house worthy of alms, then one should leave the former houses and beg for alms.  It is clear from this that the Gurukuls were only adjacent to the villages.  There was also a fear of favoritism and attraction towards the home of the celibate in begging from the self-caste, so begging from the self-caste was completely prohibited.  Often the learned pundits, encouraged by the king and feudal lords, were attracted to their assemblies and mostly settled in their capital, making them the centers of city education.  Among them, Takshashila, Pataliputra, Kanyakubja, Mithila, Dhara, Tanjore etc. are famous.  Similarly, scholars were also attracted towards places of pilgrimage.  As a result, Kashi, Karnataka, Nasik etc became famous centers of education.


 Sometimes the king also invited many scholars and settled them by donating land etc. and fixing their livelihood.  With their settlement, a new village was formed there.  These villages were called 'Agraharas'.  Apart from this, monasteries became important centers of education around the second century AD, under the influence of the teachers of various Hindu sects and monasteries. 


 Among them, the monasteries of Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhvacharya etc. are famous.  Public educational institutions were first established in Buddhist monasteries.  Lord Buddha laid great emphasis on the education and initiation of the worshippers.  Teaching of religious texts and spiritual practice were done in these institutions. 


 Ashoka (300 BC) made special progress in Buddhist viharas.  After some time they became great centers of learning.  These were in fact similar to Gurukulas.  But in these, the guru was not the representative of any one clan but was the head of the whole vihara.  These were also accessible to the general public from the point of view of religious propagation.  


Among these, Nalanda University (450 AD), Vallabhi (700 AD), Vikramshila (800 AD) were the main educational institutions.  Following these institutions, the Hindus also opened schools in the temples, which were later converted into monasteries.

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